How many strings can a bass have (and still be a bass)?
Rich Menga, Guest contributor
April 16, 2013
When is a bass not a bass? Over the past few years, there has been a rising popularity in multi-range guitars. It started with the baritone guitar and then, later, the 8-string “extended range” guitar, which, when tuned a specific way, absolutely does get that low E, just like a bass guitar:
Now if we go in the other direction and look at an 8-string bass guitar, where all the strings are separate (meaning no doubled-up notes), you can immediately tell that, yes, there’s no mistaking it’s a bass:
But what makes a bass a bass?
Two things more than any other: String type and scale length.
A bass traditionally uses nothing but wound strings, meaning every string has a wrap around it, whether it’s roundwound, flatwound or half-round.
When you get into unwrapped string territory, then it’s a guitar.
And no, this does not mean a guitar magically turns into a bass guitar if you take away all the unwrapped strings and replace them with wound. In that case, you would have to thicken up the strings above it, resulting in string sizing a guitar nut cannot fit.
Concerning scale length, a bass guitar is traditionally much longer than a guitar. A Fender Stratocaster has a 25.5-inch scale and a Fender Precision Bass has a 34-inch scale. And while, true, there are short-scale basses like the Fender Mustang Bass (which is 30-inch) that would technically fall into baritone guitar territory, a fret has to be taken away in order to make that happen (Fender P is 20-fret, Fender Mustang Bass is 19-fret, baritone guitar is usually at least 21-fret).
Scale length matters because it greatly changes the feel between a bass guitar and a regular guitar. On the bass, the frets and strings are spaced much further apart, and that totally matters.
Believe me, you do not have to be concerned about guitar players buying extended range guitars and thinking they will replace bass players. Extended range guitars are, for the most part, a novelty more than anything else because, to be blunt, very few guitarists know how to wield an 8-string correctly, never mind a standard 6-string.
In the end, string type (or more specifically, string thickness) and scale length are what make a bass a bass, at least as far as electric bass guitars are concerned.